How Can I Maximise Learning?
Below is a list of scenarios where individuals learn more effectively. Individuals learn better when:
  • They are motivated.
  • They feel capable.
  • They can link new knowledge to existing knowledge.
  • The learning is authentic, relevant to them and has real-life application.
  • Lessons are active through solving problems, scenarios or discussions etc.
  • They can share information, discuss, build upon their knowledge and collaborate with others.
Some of the above may seem out of control of the instructor (particularly in an online environment); for example - how can I possibly affect an individual's motivation? Well you can! All of the above can be influenced by your lesson design and your delivery. There are some very simple and easy steps that you can take to help achieve motivated and engaged learners. Let’s begin by having a look at our six beneficial lesson elements that could help you design effective lessons.

Six Lesson Elements

Based on the work of education guru Robert Gagne, we’ve devised six beneficial lesson elements that can help you structure your lessons and decide on what to include in each one. These elements have been outlined in Table 1 below and are further explained throughout this guide.
Lesson Elements
1. The Hook
  • Gain learners’ attention.
  • Practice or review previous learning.
  • Create interest in new learning.
2. Learning Outcomes
  • Let learners know what they will be able to achieve by the end of the lesson.
3. Teaching
  • In consumable chunks, provide all information that learners need to achieve the learning outcomes.
  • Use appropriate and varied methods of content delivery e.g. demonstrating, storytelling, lecturing etc.
4. Activity
  • Provide opportunities for learners to practise and check they can achieve the learning outcomes.
  • Provide differentiation for learners with different abilities by supplying extending and supporting resources.
5. Closure
  • Summarise and review the key learning points.
6. Reflection
  • Provide opportunities for learners to reflect upon:
    • what they’re about to do, are doing or have done,
    • what they’ve learnt in the lesson and how to implement in their context
It is important to note that not all your lessons need to include every single lesson element, nor do the steps need to occur in the same order as above. Your learners (and you!) would probably get bored with such a rigid structure to all your lessons. For example, a single lesson could have several activities, hooks, and opportunities for reflection or none of these elements at all!
Ultimately, it’s at your discretion how you design your lessons and our six elements have just been devised to give you an idea on the kinds of things you can include. Based on these six elements, we have developed a lesson plan template that we’ll walk you through completing.
Filling in a lesson plan for every lesson can help you design your lesson effectively, give you more confidence and save you time when it comes to creating your content. But first, we need to unpack your lessons.
Last modified 2yr ago
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